Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is an Italian luxury car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as A.L.F.A. (“[Società] Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili“, “AnonymousLombard Automobile Factory”) on 24 June 1910, in Milan. The brand is known for sporty vehicles and has been involved in car racing since 1911.
The company was owned by Italian state holding company Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale between 1932 and 1986, when it became a part of the Fiat Group. In February 2007, the Alfa Romeo brand became Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A., a subsidiary of Fiat Group Automobiles, now Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Italy.
The company that became Alfa Romeo was founded as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq (SAID) in 1906 by the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq, with Italian investors. In late 1909, the Italian Darracq cars were selling slowly and the Italian partners of the company hired Giuseppe Merosi to design new cars. On 24 June 1910, a new company was founded named A.L.F.A., initially still in partnership with Darracq. The first non-Darracq car produced by the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Merosi. A.L.F.A. ventured into motor racing, with drivers Franchini and Ronzoni competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24-hp models. In August 1915, the company came under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted the factory to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war efforts. In 1920, the name of the company was changed to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20–30 HP the first car to be so badged.
In 1921, the Banca Italiana di Sconto, which backed the Ing. Nicola Romeo & Co, went broke and the government needed to support the industrial companies involved, among which was Alfa Romeo, through the “Consorzio per Sovvenzioni sui Valori Industriali”. In 1925, the railway activities were separated from the Romeo company, and in 1928, Nicola Romeo left. In 1933, the state ownership was reorganized under the banner of the Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale (IRI) by Benito Mussolini’s government, which then had effective control. The company struggled to return to profitability after the Second World War, and turned to mass-producing small vehicles rather than hand-building luxury models. In 1954, it developed the Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine, which would remain in production until 1994. During the 1960s and 1970s, Alfa Romeo produced a number of sporty cars, but struggled to make a profit, so Istituto per la Reconstruzione (IRI), the state conglomerate that controls Finmeccanica sold the marque to the Fiat Group in 1986.
Alfa Romeo has competed successfully in Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportscar racing, touring car racing, and rallies. It has competed both as a constructor and an engine supplier, via works entries (usually under the name Alfa Corse or Autodelta), and private entries. The first racing car was made in 1913, three years after the foundation of the company, and Alfa Romeo won the inaugural world championship for Grand Prix cars in 1925. The race victories gave a sporty image to the marque, and Enzo Ferrari founded the Scuderia Ferrari racing team in 1929 as an Alfa Romeo racing team, before becoming independent in 1939. It has had the most wins of any marque in the world.
Iconic Alfa Romeo design has given shape to an unprecedented SUV, distinguished by unique and essential traits from the brand’s legacy, capturing a stylistic consistency with the New Giulia. Premium and heritage-inspired, the design approach is both outstanding and purposeful in equal measure. Everything is sculpted on mechanics, like a suit tailored to an athlete’s body. Every detail is conceived to enhance aerodynamics and underscore the performance of Stelvio, without drama. At Alfa Romeo, we call it “The Meaningful Beauty.”
Since its foundation, Alfa Romeo has taken a unique and original approach to creating cars, striving for a point of convergence between style and passion. Blending iconic Italian design, cutting-edge technology and a bold dynamic spirit to continually inspire authentic emotions. Now there is a new chapter in the Brand’s history. The driver and his emotions are at the center of the universe, innovation leads to new sensations and outstanding safety: in addition to the 5-star Euro NCAP rating, Giulia has earned the extraordinary score of 98% for adult occupant protection.
In vendita dal 2010, l’Alfa Romeo Giulietta è una media a cinque porte di impostazione sportiva, con un aspetto personale e ancora attuale; nel 2016 c’è stato un lieve aggiornamento, e il frontale è diventato più simile a quello della Giulia. Inoltre, è stato introdotto il pacchetto Veloce con dettagli (come il profilo rosso nel paraurti anteriore) che accentuano la sportività dell’auto. I motori, tutti turbo, sono moderni e brillanti nella risposta, e oltre al cambio manuale si può avere (scegliendo la diesel) il comodo robotizzato a doppia frizione TCT. L’abitacolo è abbastanza spazioso, come pure, tenendo conto del tipo di vettura, la capacità del baule. Nella guida, l’Alfa Romeo Giulietta è sicura, e, grazie allo sterzo diretto e alle sospensioni ben tarate, sa anche far divertire. Dove la vettura fa notare di più la sua relativa anzianità è nella dotazione: mancano i più recenti aiuti elettronici alla guida, come la frenata automatica d’emergenza.