«Italy has changed. But Rome is Rome».
For the next holidays, follow the itinerary crossed by Professor Langodn in the famous novel by Dan Brown, Angels & Demons. From the Pantheon to the Sant’Angelo Castle, passing through San Pietro Square, here a travel along the Enlightned’s path.
The starting point of the path of Professor Langdon. Pantheon is dated 125 B.C. and its construction stays in the historical center of Rome, between Navona Square and Trevi Fountain. Its characteristic is the big hole located in the center of the Cupola, the unique source of light in the place.
Built in the middle of the XV Century, Santa Maria della Vittoria is visited especially because it hosts “L”Estati di Santa Teresa”, one of the most famous sculpture of Bernini, which designed also the façade of the Church. The statue represents the moment in which the Saint had the vision of the Angel which pierces her heart.
Linked with the Vatican through the fortified corridor named “Passetto”, the building is also known as Mausoleo di Adriano and it is located on the right side of Tevere. Orignally built in the middle of the II Century as a mausoleum for the Roman Emperor Adriano and his wife, Castel Sant’Angelo has been used in the centuries as a stronghold and castle.
Located in Piazza Navona, it is formed by four huge giants which represent the personifications of the major river that were known at those time: the Nile, with the covered head as their sources weren’t known yet which represent Africa; the Ganges as Asia; Danube as Europe and Rio della Plata as the America.
The sizes of the Square are amazing: 320 meters of length and 240 meters of width. It was built, as by Pope Alessandro II’s decision, between 1656 and 1667, following a project by Bernini. In addition, the 284 columns and the 88 cornerstones which surround the Square as a porch made by 4 rows.
The Vatican Secret Archives contains sacred materials and books, ranking from VIII Century to today, including the one with which Papa Leone X excommunicates Martin Lutero in 1521. With more than 35 thousand volumes and 85 kilometers of racks, it is one of the most inaccessible libraries of the world.